Victims of the State

Ingham County, MI 

David Draheim

Aug 10, 1989

David Draheim was convicted of rape and sentenced to 40 to 80 years. A comparison of his accuser's past and later testimony reveals major credibility problems. Draheim has passed five lie detector tests administered by the Michigan State Police and a truth serum test administered by a licensed psychologist.  (Info)  [3/05]

Madison County, GA 

Henry Drake

Dec 5, 1975

Henry Arthur Drake was convicted of the armed robbery and murder of a 74-year-old barber in his shop. The barber's name was C. E. Eberhart. Drake was sentenced to death. In separate trials of Drake and a codefendant, William Campbell, prosecutor Bryant Huff used two different theories as to who was the murderer. In 1981, Campbell, the state's key witness against Drake, admitted that he lied at Drake's trial and that he, not Drake, was the murderer. No physical evidence tied Drake to the murder, and witnesses swore Drake was with them when the murder took place. Drake was pardoned on grounds of factual innocence in 1987.  (CWC)  [7/05]

Garland County, AR

Ayliff Draper

Mar 1935

Ayliff Draper was convicted of the murder of Tom Menser.  (In Spite of Innocence)

Harris County, TX 

Robert Drew

Feb 21, 1983

Robert Nelson Drew was convicted of the murder of 17-year-old Jeffrey Mays. In Feb. 1983, Mays went traveling with his high school friend, Bee Landrum, in Landrum's 1973 Maverick. Both were runaways with alcohol and drug problems. While traveling, the two picked up numerous hitchhikers along the way to obtain gas money. In Lafayette, LA they picked up Drew, then 23, and a man surnamed Frank. Mays and Landrum agreed to drive the men thirty miles east to Franklin, LA. Drew assumed driving duty within 4 blocks of his pick-up point, but got stuck in the mud while crossing a highway median to make a U-turn. In Franklin, Frank bought pizza and beer for everyone, filled Landrum's car with gas, and gave Drew $65. Mays and Landrum agreed to take Drew to Houston in exchange for more gas money.
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Morgan County, AL

Gary Drinkard

Aug 18, 1993 (Decatur)

Gary Drinkard was sentenced to death for the robbery and murder of Dalton Pace, a 65-year-old automotive junk dealer. He was convicted mainly because of the testimony of his half-sister, Beverly Robinson Segars, who got charges against her in an unrelated robbery dropped in exchange for her testimony. The half-sister's common-law husband, Rex Segars, also testified that Drinkard confessed to the crime. Drinkard's lawyers, who specialized in debt collection, failed to present physician testimony that Drinkard had recently suffered a severe back injury that made it impossible for him to commit the crime. At his 2001 retrial, new lawyers established that Drinkard had been at home at the time of the murder, and he was acquitted.  (CWC)  [7/05]

 Manitoba, Canada

James Driskell

June 16, 1990 (Winnipeg)

James Patrick Driskell was convicted of the murder of Perry Dean Harder. Harder, age 29, was last seen outside his rooming house in a pickup truck. His decomposed body was found three months later in a shallow grave just outside Winnipeg near Brookside Boulevard and Logan Avenue on Sept. 30, 1990. He had been shot three times in the chest. Driskell and Harder had been involved in a chop shop operation which was raided in 1989. They were jointly charged in a series of break-and-enters following the raid. Driskell said he had nothing to do with the criminal activity. But according to police Harder named him as an accomplice. Five days before the preliminary hearing into those charges, Harder disappeared. The Crown's theory was that Driskell had committed the murder in order to prevent Harder from testifying against him.
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 Newfoundland, Canada

Randy Druken

June 12, 1993

Randy Druken was convicted of murdering his girlfriend, Brenda Young. This conviction was overturned after a jailhouse informant recanted his story, claiming that police had bullied him into making it. DNA testing was then done on a cigarette which was believed to have come from the killer. That testing established that cigarette had not be used by Druken. In 2000, the Crown stayed the charge against Druken rather than proceed with a new trial. Evidence came to light in 1998 that Druken's brother Paul was the actual murderer, and it was established he had been with Brenda at the time of her death.  (FJDB)  [1/07]

 Suffolk County, MA

Shawn Drumgold

Aug 19, 1988

Shawn Drumgold was convicted of the shooting murder of 12-year-old Darlene Tiffany Moore. Moore was caught in the crossfire of gang violence at the intersection of Humboldt Avenue and Homestead Street in Roxbury. Drumgold was freed in 2003 after several prosecution witnesses told The Boston Globe newspaper they'd been bullied by police into providing false testimony. The prosecutor, David E. Meier, said the state would not apologize to Drumgold for his 14 years of wrongful imprisonment.  (TruthInJustice)  [4/08]

Lancaster County, PA

Ted Dubbs


Two women on were sexually assaulted on jogging trails in separate incidents that occurred on June 5, 2000 and June 26, 2001. The assailant used the same phrase in both attacks when he asked them to expose their breasts. One of the women picked Charles “Ted” Dubbs out from a set of 403 mug shots. The second woman then identified him from a set of six similar looking photos. A third woman then identified Dubbs at trial as the man she saw driving away from one of the assaults. She initially said the assailant drove a two-tone gray pickup, which Dubbs did not own.

Dubbs had a seemingly solid alibi for the first assault, and a decent but less reliable alibi for the second assault. However, he was convicted in May 2002 of both assaults on the grounds that the same man must have committed both. Dubbs was sentenced to 12 to 40 years of imprisonment. Following Dubbs' imprisonment, two other women were sexually assaulted on local jogging trails in 2002 and 2003.

In Nov. 2006, another man, Wilbur Cyrus Brown II, pleaded guilty to five sexual assaults in neighboring Dauphin County. He then admitted committing the four jogging trail assaults. He pleaded guilty to the last two trail assaults, but Dubbs' prosecutor, Heidi Eakin, refused to admit that Brown committed the two earlier assaults for which Dubbs was convicted. She insisted Dubbs committed those crimes. Brown looks almost identical to Dubbs and owned a two-toned gray pickup described by a witness to one of the assaults. Eakin said Brown was trying to “get back at her” and theorized that he was a copycat assailant. The prosecutor's intransigence forced Dubbs to remain in prison an extra year.

On Sept. 5, 2007, a detective videotaped an interview with Brown in which Brown provided “significant undisclosed details regarding those assaults.” After watching the interview video, the victims were no longer sure that Dubbs was their assailant. On Sept 11, 2007, a judge vacated Dubbs' convictions and released him. Prosecutors said the new evidence prevents them from retrying Dubbs. Brown cannot be prosecuted for Dubbs' alleged assaults because the statute of limitations for them has expired.  (Patriot-News)  [9/07]

 San Diego County, CA

James Dulaney

Dec 1992

James Dulaney was convicted of the murder of John Desmond.  (JD)

 Los Angeles County, CA

William Dulin

Jan 17, 1933

William Dulin was convicted of the murder of former boxer Mickey Erno. The victim's bullet ridden body was found near the San Gabriel River bridge. The state's theory was that Erno was killed in a falling out over the division of loot from a Long Beach diamond robbery. The conviction was due to the testimony of a woman who was threatened by the police with prosecution if she did not say what they wanted her to. Governor Merriam pardoned Dulin in 1936.  (ISI)  [7/05]

St. Louis City, MO 

Christopher Dunn

May 19, 1990

Christopher Dunn was convicted of the shooting murder of Rico Rogers. The conviction can be credited to an appalling defense attorney incompetence.  (JD#1) (JD#2)

 Kern County, CA

Patrick Dunn

July 1, 1992

Patrick Dunn was convicted in 1993 of murdering his wealthy wife, Sandy. Sandy and Pat Dunn had threatened to sue Bakersfield city officials for legitimate reasons over an aborted real estate project. Sandy also had despised most of her relatives and explicitly disinherited them in her will. Some city officials and relatives found reason to falsely accuse Pat for their own benefit. Pat stood to gain more financially if Sandy lived. A heroin addicted informant lied about seeing Pat put a body in his truck in order to get a lenient plea deal. Dunn is still imprisoned as of 2005. The case is the lead story in Mean Justice, a 1999 book by Pulitzer Prize winning author Edward Humes.  [7/05]

Ross Dunn - See Ananda Marga Trio

Tulsa County, OK 

Timothy Durham

May 31, 1991

Timothy Durham was convicted of raping an 11 year-old girl, Molly M., and robbing her house. Durham had 11 alibi witnesses who placed him at a skeet shooting competition in Dallas, TX at the time of the attack, but he was convicted anyway and sentenced to over 3,100 years imprisonment. His trial featured a dubious forensic analyst who implied Durham's hair matched hair left by the attacker. DNA tests exonerated him in 1997.  (IP)  [10/05]

John Duval - See Tyson & Duval

 Duval County, FL

Duval Three

Aug 1, 1926

William Troop, Howard Shaffer and Charles Stevens were convicted and sentenced to death for the murder of Mary McMillan. The victim's husband, Malcolm McMillan, 65, lived with his wife Mary, 60, in a rural cottage on Superior Street, west of Jacksonville. He said three men attacked him and his wife with an ax. He managed to escape, but his wife died. Initially, he said the men were white and did not mention them having masks. However, following the convictions, in retelling his tale, he changed details, saying the men were masked, then said they were foreigners who talked funny. Later he said they were black. McMillan had also been known to beat his wife from time to time.

Because of doubts raised by McMillan, a judge ordered a new trial. The retrial led to the same result as the first trial. The Florida Supreme Court then sent the case back for a third trial. The defense attorneys moved to dismiss the case. The judge agreed, citing the absence of any motive and the contradictory statements of McMillan. Troop, Shaffer, and Stevens were released in 1930. The murder of Mary McMillan has never been solved.  (FL Times-Union)

Oxford County, ME 

Dwyer & Carroll

Oct 13, 1937 (South Paris)

Francis M. Carroll, a deputy sheriff in Oxford County, was convicted in 1938 of the murder of Dr. James G. Littlefield. Littlefield and his wife, Lydia, disappeared from their home in South Paris on Oct. 13, 1937. On Oct. 16, Paul Nathaniel (Buddy) Dwyer, 18, also from South Paris, was found sleeping in the couple's car by police in North Arlington, NJ. The bodies of the dead couple were found in the trunk. Dwyer confessed to killing the couple and was extradited to Maine the next day. He was placed in the custody of Francis Carroll, the father of Dwyer's former girlfriend, Barbara (Babs) Carroll. On Dec 2, Dwyer pleaded guilty to the murder of Dr. Littlefield and was sentenced to life in prison.

Within months, Dwyer accused Deputy Carroll of having killed Dr. Littlefield to prevent him from disclosing that the deputy had engaged in incest with his daughter, Babs. Babs allegedly acknowledged that she engaged in sexual activity with her father on several occasions beginning when she was eleven years old. Carroll was soon convicted of the murder of Dr. Littlefield, primarily because of Dwyer's testimony. Carroll and Dwyer could not both be guilty of murder under the conflicting prosecution theories on which their convictions rested, but both were imprisoned until 1950, when Carroll's conviction was vacated. In vacating the conviction, a Superior Court judge declared that the prosecutor in the case “deliberately, purposely, and intentionally . . . practiced fraud and deception on the court and jury.”

While there is reasonable doubt about Carroll's conviction, Dwyer's story implicating him is quite believable and it would appear that Carroll is most likely the killer. In Oct. 1959 Maine Governor Clausen commuted Dwyer's life sentence to 28 years, making him immediately eligible for parole, a parole Dwyer was soon granted.  (CWC) (NY Daily News) (AP) (Life) (NY Times) (56) (58)  [10/09]